Greek and Hebrew Workbooks

Linguistic tools for learning Greek and Hebrew


These two chart books are the culmination of several years of teaching Biblical Hebrew and Greek and seeking to do so from a linguistic perspective.


Many students who have started learning a Biblical language have been overwhelmed by the mass of information that needs to be committed to memory. As this author has endeavored to teach the Biblical languages, he has sought to present information in such a way that allows the students to acquire the language, rather than to cram it into his or her mind by rote. This author has been well taught that the two aspects of a language that need to be mastered in order to read in that language are parsing and vocabulary. Vocabulary can be tackled through the use of vocab cards (and spending much time reading the biblical text once a sufficient base has been built). This book focuses on teaching the student how to learn to parse in a natural manner. Rather than memorizing the verbal paradigms, the keys (technically, morphemes) are learned which allow the student to parse the verbs. For example, rather than rote memorizing luō, lueis, luei . . ., the student learns that the 's' suffix is the 2nd person masculine singular marker. Of course, these markers still need to be memorized, but this can be done in a much more natural way than by memorizing a chart. The key is to practice, practice, practice. And that's where this book comes in. The heart of this book is a series of ten graded (advancing in difficulty) parsing sheets with 72 words each for the student to practice parsing. Each of these ten parsing sheets is accompanied by explanations of what keys the student should have 'keyed' in on to parse the word.


How is the student supposed to get the keys into their mind in the first place? Flash cards and practice! Using flash cards and parsing 'real verbs' is a much more natural way to acquire the keys than by rote memorizing a chart. This author has seen far too many students have to write a chart out on the back of a test to be able to parse a single verb, rather than intuitively recognizing the keys. By using flash cards, the student directly associates the parsing of a verb with the keys that have been learned. There is no intermediate step involving a paradigm. The more the student practices, using the flash cards and the parsing sheets, the more the keys will be ingrained in the memory.

Greek Workbook


Explanation of Signs

Formation of Stems

Explanation of Parsings

Hebrew Workbook


Strong Verb Chart

Verb Flashcards

Explanation of Parsings

Table of Contents for Greek Chartbook


	Philosophy 	1
	Recommended Resources	2
	Abbreviations 	3

The Theory

	§1 The Greek Alphabet 	5
		Diagram 1: Articulation	7
		Chart 2: The Greek Alphabet	8

	§2 Greek Morphology 	9
		Chart 3: Morpheme Positions in Inflected Forms	11
		Chart 4: Quick Reference Guide to Greek Morphology	14

	§3 Noun Endings	15
		Chart 5: Noun Endings	16

	§4 Third Declension Nouns	17
		Chart 6: Third Declension Noun Paradigms	20

	§5 Verbal Endings	21
		Chart 7: Proto-Greek Endings	22
		Chart 8: Verbal Endings 	23

	§6 Formation of Tense Stems	24
		Diagram 9: Tense Derivation from the Root Chart	24
		Chart 10: Formation of Tense Stems Chart	27

	§7 ϝιδ	28
		 Chart 11: ϝιδ	29

	§8 The Verbal System	30
		Chart 12: The Verbal System	32

	§9 Chart 13: Participles & Infinitives	33

The Practice

	Parsing Sheets
		§10 Nouns	34
		§11 Present Indicatives	35
		§12 Present & Imperfect Indicatives	36
		§13 Present, Imperfect, & Future Indicatives	37
		§14 Present, Imperfect, Future, and 1st Aorist Indicatives	38
		§15 Present, Imperfect, Future, & Aorist Indicatives	39
		§16 All Indicatives	40
		§17 All Finite Verbs	41
		§18 All Participles	42
		§19 All Verbs	43

	Explanations for Parsings
		§10 Nouns	44
		§11 Present Indicatives	49
		§12 Present & Imperfect Indicatives	53
		§13 Present, Imperfect, & Future Indicatives	58
		§14 Present, Imperfect, Future, and 1st Aorist Indicatives	63
		§15 Present, Imperfect, Future, & Aorist Indicatives	69
		§16 All Indicatives	75
		§17 All Finite Verbs	81
		§18 All Participles	87
		§19 All Verbs	94

§20 Formation of Select Words

	Chart 14: εσ	100
	Chart 15: σεχ	100

§21 Miscellaneous Charts

	Chart 16: Principle Parts from Different Roots	101
	Chart 17: A-Grade and O-Grade Vowel Shifts for Past Tenses	101
	Chart 18: How the Prepositions Change Depending on the Follow Letter	101

§22 Greek-English Cognates	102

Table of Contents for Hebrew Chartbook

Introduction/Philosophy 	1
Abbreviations 	3
Explanation of the Colors 	4

The Theory

	Summary of Parsing Keys 	5

	Summary of Characteristics of Weak Verbs 	7

	Significant Exegetical Constructions
		Waw conjunctions 	8
		Infinitives 	10		Participles 	11
		Verbal Stems 	12
The Practice

	Parsing Sheets 	13

	Explanations for Parsings 	23

Color Charts

	The Alephbet 	59

	The Strong Verb 	60

	Weak Verbs 	61

	Flash Cards
		The Verbal Affixes Flash Cards 	68
		The Strong Verb Flash Cards 	70
		The Pronominal Suffixes Flash Cards 	72